32 AACR CANCER PROGRESS REPORT 2017
in overweight or obese populations. Furthermore, new
approaches to encourage weight loss among over weight
or obese individuals need to be evaluated. For example, a
recent trial in the United Kingdom reported that a brief,
behaviorally informed intervention from physicians led
to significant weight loss in patients who were obese ( 62).
Intensive efforts by all stakeholders are needed if we are to
Sixty minutes or more of physical
increase the number of people who consume a balanced diet,
such as that recommended by the U.S. Department of Health
and Human Services and the U.S. Department of Agriculture
in the 2015—2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans ( 38).
One recent policy initiative to help people make better
informed food choices and meet the ne w dietary guidelines
is the FDA decision to change the regulatory requirements
for the information that manufacturers must provide on
nutrition facts labels on food packaging, including the new
requirement for information about how much sugar has
been added to the food product ( 38). Another policy that is
aimed at reducing obesity is the recent introduction of taxes
on sugar-sweetened beverages, which is a major contributor
of caloric intake among U.S. youth and adults, in seven local
activity such as running daily.
Muscle- and bone-strengthening exercises such
as push-ups at least three days per week.
Older adults, those who are pregnant,
and/or those with disabilities should
consult their physicians and the
Cancer survivors should consult their
physicians and follow modified
guidelines adapted for their
specific cancers and treatments.
All adults should avoid inactivity;
some physical activity
is better than none.
At least 150 minutes per week of
such as a brisk walk or 75
minutes per week of
activity such as
Moderate- or high-intensity
two or more days per week.
Physical Activity Guidelines
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommends the following minimum physical activity
levels to improve the nation’s health; see http://www.health.gov/paguidelines/guidelines/summary.aspx.
Adapted from ( 1)
For children and adolescents
For specific populations