Black men have a prostate cancer death rate that is more than double
that for men of any other racial or ethnic group ( 3).
Hispanic children are 24 percent more likely to develop leukemia
than non-Hispanic children ( 9).
In Union County, Florida, the overall cancer death rate is seven times
higher than it is in Summit County, Colorado ( 10).
Early-stage ovarian cancer patients of low socioeconomic status
are 50 percent less likely to receive recommended care than those
of high socioeconomic status ( 11).
Patients with cancer who have Medicaid coverage or no insurance are
more than 40 percent more likely to die from their disease than those
who have non-Medicaid insurance ( 12).
Women living with a same-sex relationship partner are three times more
likely to die from breast cancer than women living with a male spouse
or cohabiting relationship partner ( 13).
Adolescents and young adults (ages 15 to 39) with acute myeloid
leukemia have a 5-year relative survival rate that is 22 percent lower
than that for children (ages 1 to 14) ( 14).
Adults who have an intellectual disability are 29 percent less likely
to be up to date with colorectal cancer screening recommendations
than those without this disability ( 15).
U.S. Cancer Health Disparities
Great strides have been made in cancer prevention, detection, diagnosis, treatment, and,
in some cases, cures. However, not everyone has benefited equally from the advances and adverse
differences in numerous cancer measures exist among certain segments of the U.S. population
(see sidebar on What Are Cancer Health Disparities? p. 15). Some recently identified examples
of cancer health disparities are highlighted here: