AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR CANCER RESEARCH 15
individuals of low
who lack or have
to health care;
individuals who are
and use of
genetics; social and
WHAT ARE CANCER HEALTH DISPARITIES?
According to the National Cancer Institute, cancer health disparities in the United States are defined
as differences that should not exist in cancer incidence, prevalence, death, survivorship, and burden
of cancer among certain segments of the U.S. population, including:
The interrelated nature of many of these factors makes it difficult to isolate and study the relative
contribution of each. Given that a significant proportion of the U.S. population falls into one or more risk
categories, it is important that research into these specific issues continues. Only with new insights will
we develop and implement interventions that will eliminate cancer for all.
Complex and interrelated factors contribute to U.S. cancer health disparities. The factors may include,
but are not limited to, differences or inequalities in:
Adapted from ( 1)
WHY DO THEY EXIST?