was published ( 43), the development and implementation
of major public education and policy initiatives have more
than halved cigarette smoking rates among U.S. adults ( 36)
(see Figure 9). As a result of these reductions, an estimated
800,000 deaths from lung cancer were avoided between
1975 and 2000 ( 36).
Unfortunately, U.S. cigarette smoking rates have begun to
plateau in recent years ( 36), and 831,000 individuals age 12
or older began smoking cigarettes daily in 2013 ( 44). If we
continue on this path, researchers estimate that 5. 6 million
children currently ages 0 to 17 years will die prematurely of
smoking-related illnesses, including cancer ( 36).
Globally, tobacco use was estimated to be responsible
for about six million deaths in 2011, and this number is
projected to reach eight million in 2030 if current trends
continue ( 45). Given that there were an estimated 1. 6
million lung cancer deaths worldwide in 2012 ( 6), and that
the majority of these deaths are attributable to tobacco use,
it is clear that tobacco-related lung cancer is responsible for
more than one million deaths around the world each year.