Before a medical product can be used routinely in patient
care, it must be rigorously tested in clinical trials, which
provide each patient with the best care available (see cancer
survivor Jack Whelan, p.
36). As highlighted by Carlos L.
Arteaga, MD (see p. 82), perhaps one of the most signi;cant
advances taking place in clinical care in recent years is the
fact that clinical trials are no longer seen as a last option,
but rather can be incorporated as part of regular care a;er
discussions between physician and patient.