Hepatitis C virus
causes more deaths in the United
States than HIV/AIDS ( 43).
on tanning bed use exist in
Alaska, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho,
Kansas, Missouri, Montana,
New Mexico, Oklahoma,
Pennsylvania, South Dakota,
sun-safe habits and tighter regulation of indoor tanning
would dramatically reduce the incidence of skin cancer (see
sidebar on Sun-safe Habits).
Persistent infection with a number of pathogens—bacteria,
viruses, or parasites that cause disease—can result in
certain types of cancer ( 40, 41) (see Table 4, p. 22). In fact,
pathogens are estimated to cause about 2 million cancer
cases each year, with more than 90 percent of these cases
attributable to just four pathogens—Helicobacter pylori,
hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and
human papilloma virus (HPV) ( 42) (see Figure 7, p. 23).
;is knowledge has enabled the development of strategies
to eliminate or prevent infection with these cancer-associated pathogens (see sidebar on Cancer-causing
Pathogens: Prevention and Elimination, p. 24). Consulting
with a physician and following his or her advice regarding
the use of these strategies can reduce an individual’s risk of
certain cancers and is part of a healthy approach to living.